Law and order are primary in ensuring seamless governance of any country and protecting citizens’ health and rights.
The Constitution of India upholds the supreme law of the land, and its defiance almost certainly invites trouble.
Know your rights
Besides, people need to know their rights and protect themselves against any violations.
It always helps to know the prevailing laws in your country and avoid any punishments or legalities.
Criminal Procedure Code
Criminal Procedure Code, Section 46 defines the proceedings involved in arresting a perpetrator or a suspect.
It also ensures that women cannot be arrested after sunset and before sunrise.
In exceptional situations, the arresting officer must be female and equipped with prior permission.
Motor Vehicle Act (1998)
Motor Vehicle Act (1998), Section 129, mandates the necessity of helmets while riding two-wheelers.
Section 128 prohibits more than two riders on a two-wheeler.
It also specifies that an officer cannot seize the keys to your vehicle under any circumstances.
Motor Vehicle Act (1998), Section 185, and Section 202 uphold legislation against drunk driving.
Police or armed officials have the right to arrest a person with 30mg intoxicant (alcohol or specified drugs) per 100mL blood without a warrant.
Section 323 of the IPC states that in the event of voluntarily causing hurt and knowing that the action will inflict damage on another person, the guilty person is liable to punishment.
Punishment may include imprisonment for up to a year, a penalty of thousand rupees or both. Voluntarily causing hurt on provocation, as specified in Section 334, is not covered.
Automotive (Amendment) Bill
Automotive (Amendment) Bill, 2016 dictates that if you pay the fine once, you are excused for the same offence up until midnight on producing the receipt.
Police Act, 1861
Police Act, 1861 organizes the police force in the country.
Officers wearing a uniform cannot refuse to attend to your complaints under any circumstances.
Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 ensures the protection of the employment rights of female employees during the period of pregnancy and childbirth.
It also provides the grounds for paid maternity leave and benefits as per the average daily wages for a stipulated period.
Domestic Violence Act, 2005
Domestic Violence Act, 2005, clarifies the scope of domestic violence cases, which supersedes physical abuse.
An aggrieved person can file for domestic violence under this Act if they are physically, mentally, sexually, or economically harassed in a “shared household.”
The law also provides how the administration and state machinery must conduct the proceedings of a domestic violence case.
Live-in relationships are legal
Live-in relationships are legal. However, obscene acts of intimacy in public can result in a penalty or even imprisonment.
Income Tax Act, 1961
Income Tax Act, 1961, authorizes a tax collection officer to arrest you in the event of a tax payment failure.
Only the Tax Commissioner can warrant the duration of your custody.
Maximum Retail Price Act, 2014
Maximum Retail Price Act, 2014, illustrates that consumers can bargain at the listed price.
Retailers cannot exceed the selling price than the MRP under any circumstances.
Limitation Act, 1963
Limitation Act, 1963, states that you can file an FIR against your office within three years if they fail to compensate you.
Hindu Marriage Act
Hindu Marriage Act, Section 13, defines the grounds for divorce in court.
The reasons may include adultery, abuse, impotence, insanity, change from the Hindu religion, or leaving without notice.
Rs. 50 lakh
Cylinder bursts allow you to request monetary compensation for up to Rs. 50 lakh for damages to property and health.
Information regarding some fundamental laws helps you steer clear or any unreasonable hassle.
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